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Petite leçon de mondialisation, morceaux choisis…


     Quelques extraits d’un article de Gordon Brown, Chancelier de l’Echiquier du Royaume Uni, publié dans Newsweek et tel qu’on aimerait bien en lire de ce côté-ci de la Manche.


 “Don't Fear the Future
The global economy is disorienting, but full of opportunities, too.


    In the last year 1 million manufacturing jobs have been lost from America, Europe and Japan, and one quarter of a million service jobs gone offshore. For the first time Asia is outproducing Europe. (…)

    Last century's interwar years produced protectionist beggar-my-neighbor policies which only intensified the Depression and set nation against nation. Now, in 2006, protectionist forces are on the rise again: "economic patriotism" in Europe, populism in Latin America, anti-immigrant feeling and sullen resistance to change on just about every continent. (…)

    The paradox of today's globalization is that even its winners feel themselves to be losers. Globalization is cutting the price of consumer goods from clothes to electronics, putting what were once luxury goods into the hands of millions of ordinary households. Cheaper products and sometimes services from newly emerging countries create the competition that spurs us on to greater productivity and innovation. And emerging markets are, in fact, expanding markets for us just as we are for them. U.S. and European company brands are emblems all over the world, and their global penetration, as much as homegrown entrepreneurship, is the key to our future success. (…)
    Isolationism, partial retreat and protectionism are self-defeating options. By attempting to shelter ourselves—to pick and choose which barriers we raise or lower—we will only fall behind, risk competitiveness and pay a higher price for long-run adjustment. (…) the lifeblood of a market economy is the continuous injection of new competition (…)
    We need to explain that the same globalization that results in the loss of old jobs can create new and better jobs. (…)

    In the case of Britain and Europe it will require a stronger entrepreneurial culture that encourages new ideas, support for innovation by helping with risk finance, and commercialization of technology that helps disseminate the ideas. (…) our best course is still to have the confidence to find our comparative advantage by investing in a more highly skilled work force that can respond quickly and flexibly to change. (…) persuading people that while we may not be able to stop them losing the last job, we can do a great deal to help them be equipped for the next jobs (…).

    It is now our task to demonstrate to those who lose jobs to the global economy not only that we are on their side, but that new and good opportunities will be available. (…)
    But globalization must mean something more than open markets, free trade and investment in innovation and education: it must also mean a level playing field. Everyone must become as open as each other. (…)
    We must also recognize how quickly other countries' problems can become our problems too. Movements of people from poor to rich countries will speed up and extremists will be able to exploit weak states unless we help empower these poorer countries' economic and social development. Encouraging education for all—and removing obstacles to economic development—is, thus, not just a moral cause but a modern strategic and economic imperative.”


Le texte dans son intégralité sur : http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/13249926/site/newsweek

Pour des chiffres sur la mondialisation, consulter : http://gapminder.org/ 



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